Flying Stingrays

The Amazing Flight of Little Ray

In this nature-based adventure, a young stingray doesn't want to make weak jumps like other flying stingrays. He wants to fly like a bird. His amazing flight beats all odds.

Fish have strong senses. Little Ray is purposefully motivated, appropriately responsive and consciously alert to his positive and negative results. Still, his flight is a battle. 

The experience is awkward, unsettling and exhausting. Rays are not born to fly. Like high divers, they leap, then start falling. Movement adds "wow", not height, to their flight.


Little Ray of Flight

Video: “The world helps those who try and try, to fly and fly” (34 seconds). The highly-evolved second edition of this behavioral-changing adventure is in the bookstore.

Motivate Children

Fish are maneuverable. Small changes in direction help to turn "can't" into "can" and make journeys worthwhile. Of course, Little Ray thinks before choosing his battles.

Fish have feelings. Little Ray knows his Mama is watching. He hears beach-goer reactions. Such external factors enhance his motivation and spark his alertness.

V. R. Duin grabs the attention of early readers and special learners. To spark interest in learning about stingrays, below are some fun facts about the fish and action in this book.

Reach New Heights Like Fish Out of Water:

Flying stingrays do somersaults, flips, rolls, spins, twists and turns for fun and to show off. Predators, noise, temperature, muddiness, filth or stench also drive flight.

Flying stingray flights are range-bound. Gills collapse in the air. Return to water restarts breathing. People underwater can sense the discomfort of fish in the air.

Stingrays are made of cartilage, not bone. This flexible material softens falls. It equips the star of this story to catch lucky breaks and fall with style.

Fish see the same in air and in water. The wide field of view and large depth of field of a fisheye lens show how fish see our world.

Fish actions, not facial expressions, show fear, rage or calm. Children see concern as Mama Ray frets over Little Ray's daredevil risk-taking to fly.

Mature stingrays have up to 12 pups in a litter. The first litter may have one pup. Inexperienced mothers gain practice by safeguarding fewer babies.

Female stingrays of some species and all discus fish care for their young until they can fend for themselves. Stingrays reach maturity at 1-to-5 years of age.

Highly-developed stingrays can fully care for themselves at birth. Few other fish and no mollusks are born into the ocean as fully-formed miniature adults.

Stingrays are born live. They exit the mother folded like spindles. The stinging spines have sheath coverings to cushion the mother. Birth usually occurs at night.

Newborns sink to the ocean floor, then unfold to begin swim practice and strength training. Within days, consistent and powerful strokes develop for hunting.

Don't worry about the bird in this story. Young stingrays have small and immature stingers. Fish stories end well. Ancient use for stingray toxin seems like a tall tale.

Greek dentists used the toxin to numb pain. The ancient medicine quickly lost strength. Modern drugs have longer shelf lives. The plant-based replacements spare stingrays.

Stingrays typically flee rather than attack. A frightened stingray can strike hundreds of times in seconds. It uses its long, flexible tail to guide the venomous spear.